Rights of Mother Earth
Charter on Rights of Nature declared by the United Nations:
is a part of nature and life depends on the uninterrupted functioning
of natural systems which ensure the supply of energy and nutrients.
is rooted in nature, which has shaped human culture and influenced
all artistic and scientific achievement and living in harmony
with nature gives man the best opportunities or the development
of his creativity, and for rest and recreation.
form of life is unique, warranting respect regardless of its
worth to man, and, to accord other organisms such recognition,
man must be guided by a moral code of action.
can alter nature and exhaust natural resources by his action
or its consequences and, therefore, must fully recognize the
urgency of maintaining the stability and quality of nature and
of conserving natural resources.
benefits from nature depend upon the maintenance of essential
ecological processes and life support systems, and upon the
diversity of life forms, which are jeopardized through excessive
exploitation and habitat destruction by man.
degradation of natural systems owing to excessive consumption
and misuse of natural resources, as well as to failure to establish
an appropriate economic order among peoples and among States,
leads to the breakdown of the economic social and political
framework of civilization.
shall be respected and its essential processes shall not be
genetic viability on the earth shall not be compromised, the
population levels of all life forms, wild and domesticated,
must be at least sufficient for their survival and to this end
necessary habitants shall be safeguarded.
areas of the earth, both land and sea, shall be subject to these
principles of conservation; special protection shall be subject
to given to unique areas, to representative samples of all the
different types of ecosystems and to the habitats of rare or
and organisms, as well as the land, marine and atmosphere resources
that are utilized by man, shall be managed to achieve and maintain
optimum sustainable productivity, but not in such a way as to
endanger the integrity of those other ecosystem sor species
with which they coexist.
shall be secured against degradation caused by warfare or other